autonomy, Bioethics, debates, medical ethics, medical technology, neuroethics, philosophy, public policy

Nature nurtures debate on namesake

Josh Carter, over at the Bioethics.com blog, comments on the editorial in the April 10th issue of Nature, (subscription only. Joe quoted some but let me know if you need the full text) which uses news of a transgendered (but not transexual) pregnant and bearded woman to ask the age-old question, what is “natural” and whether “natural” is better than “un-natural.”

What do you want to bet that the author prefers “natural” fibers for his clothes and “organic,” when it comes to groceries? We know that the editorial board has opinions on the good and bad, since the cover of the April 3 issue in front of me has the headline, “Carbon emissions: it’s worse than you thought.”

Even though the question couldn’t have been asked quite this way in the past, Nature asks one of the oldest philosophical questions. Unfortunately, they ask in a juvenile manner. In fact, they beg the question by stating that the approved purpose is to “enhance the human condition.”

(As I commented on the Bioethics.com blog) The “natural” uses of medicine and science seek to discover and use our discoveries to encourage, enhance, and/or return to optimal what Aristotle called the “telos,” the “what it is meant to be.” For instance, a splint reduces pain and holds the limb in physiological position as it heals. Hip replacements, glasses and hearing aids aren’t normally intended to give you the ability to jump higher or stronger, see with the sight of an eagle or hear a pin drop in the next county — they are used in an attempt to return your functioning to “normal.”

The most active debates in science today are actually discussions about the “nature” of the thing we are studying or manipulating. Is global climate change causing the Earth to heat up more than is “natural,” is it man-made (due to those carbon emissions), or cyclical, etc. Should there be regulation on abortions to for sex-selection or to choose for deafness? Who gets the resources to be the Six MillionTrillion Dollar Woman and why not allow men and women to demand that their limbs be cut off or that their faces be botoxed and surgeried into a human caricature that scares children?

Again, we see the problem with setting up the ethics hierarchy so that “autonomy” trumps “non-maleficence.” “I want” ethics over “First, do no harm.”

Is there good in the telos, or is there any standard for dividing funding and power in science and medicine? If there aren’t good and bad uses of science and medicine, then “Anything goes,” if you can get the financing, the power, or the ability to do it.

 

Edited 5/10/13 for formatting problems — BBN

About bnuckols

Conservative Christian Family Doctor, promoting conservative news and views. (Hot Air under the right wing!)

Discussion

One thought on “Nature nurtures debate on namesake

  1. >Telos: For when 'the way things are meant to be' is just a rebranding of 'the way I want things to be.'Screw telos, anyway. I am sure nature can be improved upon.

    Posted by Suricou Raven | April 16, 2008, 12:19 am

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

If the post is missing: take the “www.” out of the url

@bnuckols Twitter

Beverly Nuckols on Facebook

Categories

Archives

SiteMeter

%d bloggers like this: